Accessibility to Web content is a method of design that guarantees people can use and interact with the website’s content regardless of the level they are at. It is imperative to put a high value on accessibility to the internet when creating or developing applications and websites.
Proper HTML markup is essential for the accessibility of your site. For example using logical headers help users with screen readers to recognize the layout of your web pages. It is important to include descriptive link text and provide sufficient color contrast.
HTML0 — The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are web accessibility standards. application accessibility. These standards can be used by front-end designers, QA testers, and others on the web team to meet basic accessibility requirements for web pages. WCAG includes thirteen guidelines arranged under four main principles: accessible, observable, comprehendable and durable, referred to by the acronym the POUR. Each guideline is accompanied by testable success criteria to make it possible to determine the level of compliance.
Unilever, an international conglomerate which produces more than 400 different brands that are distributed in more than 2 billion homes globally, maintains a website that balances web accessibility with aesthetically appealing design. Its site conforms to WCAG guidelines for colors and contrast as well as keyboard navigation and the structure of headings.
One of the most important features that is featured on the website is the usage of indicators using visuals that highlight which part of the web page has keyboard focus. This makes it easier for users to read and navigate the contents of pages without a mouse, along with screen readers, as well as for other text-to speech applications. This approach is also recommended for different web-based applications that need keyboard-only navigation.
Additionally, it keeps the style and content separate semantic HTML can make your website more accessible to assistive technology to interpret. When a browser is able to process well-written semantic HTML, information it presents is passed onto assistive technologies such as screen readers, which interpret it and converted into formats that the users require.
In addition to that, using landmarks -which is a set of HTML tags that mark the areas on your site – can help ensure that key areas are keyboard accessible to text-to speech and screen reader user. Also, remember to include short description of the images (also known as alt attributes) to those who are unable to discern or understand visual images.
Keyboard Friendly Web Interfaces
Certain users navigate the web via a keyboard rather than the mouse. They can be expert “power” keyboard users, or may have motor impairments that prevent them from making the precise motor actions required for operating the mouse. The key is to create interactive and navigation elements readily available by tapping and showing a visual indicator that indicates that the keyboard is currently focused.
As an example, if there are input fields that allow input of text, forms, or drop-down menus, ensure that the elements you have can be tabbed to as well as clearly indicate the current status. Screen readers as well as screen magnifying software make use of the focus indicator in order to determine which objects are present at any given time.
It is important to ensure that the text in a webpage be easily accessible and easily read web application development service. This is an essential aspect of website accessibility, especially for those who suffer from vision or hearing impairments or who are blind or rely on assistive technologies to navigate the site.
Using colors with adequate contrast, all users, including those with color blindness, can read and navigate the web. Many people affected by dyslexia get benefit of high-contrast text, too.
ARIA roles and properties define the status of widgets for assistive technologies, such as screen readers. For example the role “search” is used to label a form field for the search function. Roles are stable and do not change if a widget is updated, while properties are dynamic and change each time a person interacts with the widget.